Tag Archives: Hebridean

The worthy Hebridean

Two years on from building a Hebridean self steering system, I talk about the latest modifications, and show how well the system is working in practice.

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2017-09-01 · 19:53

The Trials of my Hebridean

I have finally edited the video footage of my various trials of my Hebridean self steering system during and after my Netherlands cruise. This is a system I built over two weeks in July. Here’s the result.

Here are a few things I mention in the video that are worth repeating.

  • When I set off, my Hebridean was not complete and I had no experience with wind vanes.
  • This is a story about my Hebridean on my boat.
  • Very small boats and junk rigs may require mods to the plans.
  • I should have spent more time experimenting with the bungee.
  • Don’t copy me until you have tried the system according to the plans.

Thank you everyone for your help and support with this project. Special thanks to John Fleming for showing great patience when dealing with me. Paul Thompson for keen technical insight. And Stephen Crowther for useful observations and support.

I’m sure the story’s not over yet, but part one is complete.

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2015-09-14 · 21:42

Neaped

I went out for a day sail on the Deben with my friend and housemate on Sunday. It was a pleasant and relaxing day with gentle north east winds. A good job too as we were both a little, er, tired from a party the night before. High tides were at 06:00 and 18:30, so we rode the tide out into the sea and then back home.

The sea was smooth and the winds light, so I tried my Hebridean with the unbalanced pendulum in the light wind conditions.  It worked fine, as long as there was enough wind to fill the sail.  I’m still surprised.

We passed Tide Mill Yacht Harbour at about 17:30 and deliberately grounded about 6m from the dock that Steve Crowther has generously lent me just to the north.  While we were tidying up the boat I gradually paddled her closer and eventually retrieved the mooring lines with the boat hook.  We then pulled her in tighter to the shore as the tide rose, in order to get an accurate time when we could bring her alongside the dock.

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The answer was 18:26, almost bang on the day’s high tide of 3.5m.  This tallies with my earlier estimate that the mud there is 2.8m above chart datum, adding Tammy Norie’s 0.6m draft gives 3.4m. I suspect her draft is a bit over 0.6m with two people on board.

This means that Tammy is unlikely to get off the dock on days when the high tide is less than 3.5m at Woodbridge.  For example this Thursday 2015-09-08 the high tide is just 3.28m.  Plenty of water at the weekend though!

Careful calculations, planning, execution, and shenanigans with the mud are all part of the fun.

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Replacing the pendulum on the Hebridean

After spending a good 100 hours constructing my Hebridean wind vane I grew quite frustrated when it started to go wrong, especially after such initially promising results. However, after some very useful comments from readers I set about constructing a temporary replacement pendulum.

I started out with some 18mm plywood and a couple of hardwood blocks bought from the local Hubo.

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I didn’t glue the blocks to the plywood, instead using four big stainless steel screws through each, being careful to offset them slightly so they didn’t clash.

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Then I marked off 9mm from each side of the leading and trailing edges, sharpened my plane, and set about adding a 45° bevel to the leading and trailing edges.  The plywood makes this easy to get right since it has a built-in gradient.

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I noticed there was a slight curve in my plywood, but hoped that removing the pendulum balance cut-out would prevent this being an issue. I was expecting to have to add some balance later.

I put on a few coats of Cuprinol Ultimate to help keep the water out.

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I was deliberately doing all the work in Tammy Norie’s cockpit, to see what it was like. Well, this is what the cockpit was like, anyway.

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I attached the pintles and mounted the pendulum onto the Hebridean frame.

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Later that day I sailed from Harlingen to Den Oevre. Actually, I mostly motorsailed due to adverse wind and current, and the need to make the weather window in the North Sea. But I did spend about an hour trying out the Hebridean on various upwind courses in what was about a force 3 or 4.

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It seemed to work really well. With the linkage disconnected the pendulum was stable and would return to the centre position. With the linkage connected and the vane in place, but no tiller connection, the vane behaved itself very well. Attaching it to the tiller worked just fine and the boat steered nicely. There was no obvious lack of sensitivity, though truly light wind tests have yet to come.

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After picking up Martin Roberts at Den Oevre and motoring out past Den Helder we reached our departure point, and I set up the Hebridean for downwind.

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It worked well, and continued to work for the entire 36-hours that followed, taking us across the North Sea. For the second half of the trip it was set to a dead downwind course and took us through some pretty big and steep wave conditions.

The only problems were with the control line setup. I’d used some simple twine to attach various blocks and eyes on a trial basis, and these chafed through after 24 hours of continuous action. This put us off course temporarily on a couple of occasions but nothing serious went wrong.

We didn’t disconnect the Hebridean until we had to cross the infamous bar on the river Deben, and I lifted it off completely when we put in to Tide Mill yacht haven. Looking at it then, it was clear that the plywood had curved further, but unlike the original pendulum this didn’t cause any noticeable problems.

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I spent a lot of time wondering about all this and discussing it with my crew.  We went over all the suggestions, John Fleming’s instructions, and John’s feedback during the journey.

Our theory is this: John mentions that he expect instability that is dampened when the Hebridean is connected to the tiller.  The thing is, the Coromandel has a small rudder and a very light tiller.  We suspect that it’s simply not providing the damping that John expects, so that the pendulum flips out.  Added to that, my pendulum seemed to develop a clockwise bias, and that made it always flip out in one direction almost immediately, overwhelming the vane.  The simple unbalanced pendulum doesn’t require damping to stay in line, so it behaves much better on my little boat.

It might also be insensitive and fail in light winds, but it seemed to be doing the job in F3.  I’ll know more when I try it out around the East Coast this month.

Anyway, I think we have discovered something important about the Hebridean and my boat, making the whole thing much more feasible for my Jester Challenge attempt.  I now believe it can be made to work. And I’ve also proved I can repair it in the cockpit!

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Filed under Constructing the Hebridean, Netherlands Cruise 2015, Repairs and Modifications, self steering

Constructing the Hebridean day 13

I’m in the final stages of my project to construct a Hebridean wind vane self steering system. I brought the pendulum home to Cambridge so that I could work on shaping it into the computer-generated profile recommended by John Fleming in his plans.

You may recall that earlier I made a template from the plans out of a piece of thin plywood.

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I also experimented with using a router to get the basic shape of the profile, then planing to finish the job.

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I would have continued with this technique, but I don’t have a router or any other suitable power tools in Cambridge.  I did look in to using a CNC router at Makespace to get a perfect profile, but in the end I just went to Mackays and bought a plane and sharpening stone (things I wanted anyway) and did the job by hand on my dining room table.

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I started by getting the bottom end of the pendulum into the correct shape.  This end is going to be cut off since the pendulum is way too long for Tammy Norie, so I could afford to get into practice.  I applied greatest pressure with the plane at this point and eased off towards the top, so that less wood was removed.  I then moved up the pendulum, using the template as a guide.  This gradually copied the shape from the bottom end up along the whole plank.

To fine tune the shape, I used a marker pen to mark where the template was touching the surface.  It was then easy to plane away the mark and take another look.  This gradually corrected the profile over the whole pendulum.

I did about three hours of planing last night and another two this morning, followed by about 30 minutes of sanding, with this result.

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It’s very close.  There are some minor wobbles that I’ll correct, but I think the job is done.  So I’d say allow six hours for planing your pendulum.

I had to sharpen the plane about once per hour, and especially when it was new. This video on how to sharpen a plane was very helpful, and allowed me to get a very good cutting edge.

I’m also left with about a third-of-a-plank’s worth of oak shavings!

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Filed under Constructing the Hebridean, Equipment, Repairs and Modifications, self steering

Constructing the Hebridean day 12

This past weekend I sailed from Fareham to Emsworth and back with a friend from Cambridge, and while aboard (and under way!) I assembled and attached the incomplete pendulum and was able to test some aspects of the Hebridean wind vane self steering gear that I have been constructing since last Monday.

Before setting out, I finished making and attaching the counterweights. These balance the vane and push rods so that wind pressure is able to twist the pendulum. John Fleming’s plans involve creating counterweights by setting lead shot in polyester resin. But Dad has a better idea. He found a couple of old doorknobs and we filled them with lead instead.

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I tapped 10mm threads into the handles, then tapped 6mm threads into some 10mm threaded rod, so that the counterweights could be bolted to 6mm threaded rod on the Hebridean.  This also allows for some adjustment in their position with lock nuts.

I attached the upper counterweight to the vane and fiddled with it until the vane just returned to vertical.  It’s then that I found out exactly what the “grub screw” is for.  It tilts the upper counterweight arm so that you can get the vane vertical.

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The lower counterweight balances the push rod mechanism.  You need to detach the vane and pendulum, but hang the pendulum push rod so that you get the right weight.

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You then position the lower counterweight until the main push rod moves up and down with minimal force.

With these things done, I took the frame and pendulum aboard Tammy Norie. While underway I attached the pendulum sides and hinges.  Drilling oak with a little hand drill is slow going, especially when the helm is tacking every few minutes!

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The results were very satisfying. I was able to get the pendulum into the water while under way and see how it moved the whole gear when twisted.

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This kind of testing also revealed problems.  I left the end of the extension proud of the trunk, to keep that end of the cross-lap joint strong.  Unfortunately, it clashes with the mount and prevents the pendulum being fully lifted out of the water.  I’ll need to trim it down.

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There’s another issue with the pivot and mount.  I made the mount as a sandwich (as recommended) but this means that the split pins keeping the pivot in the mount clash with the sides, preventing the Hebridean from rotating.  I’m not sure what John intended here.  I notice that his boat has the mount in a different orientation so perhaps he didn’t notice this problem.

Later on I was able to attach the whole push rod linkage to the pendulum.  Once that was done it was possible to steer the Hebridean by wiggling the vane counterweight rod.

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I even have a video of this bit!

Unfortunately, this last test was taken just before we had to moor up, so I didn’t have time to test using actual wind. As it was we only just got unloaded before the tide dried out Tammy. We even had to push the rowing boat through the mud to get home.

I’ve taken the pendulum back home to Cambridge to shape it at home when I’m home from work.

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Filed under Constructing the Hebridean, Equipment, Repairs and Modifications, self steering

Constructing the Hebridean days 9 to 11

I have taken a bit more time off work to try to complete the Hebridean wind vane self steering gear that I started last week. I’ve also had quite a few visitors to Tammy Norie, and have been doing other work on her, so days 9 to 11 aren’t days of solid workshop, as they have been up to now.  However, quite a few important things have been done.

Firstly, I’ve made the mount.  I started off by making a template while aboard, based on the position I found for the pivot pin using my foot a few days ago.

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Using this I shaped an offcut from the oak planks to make two sides for the mount, that clamp in the socket for the pivot pin.

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The pendulum is held down in the water by friction between these blocks, so that if it hits an obstacle in the water it will swing up and save itself.

Having made the mount, I took it and the Hebridean (sans pendulum) to Tammy Norie yesterday. It’s amazing how many people stopped me to ask what it was! It’s quite an unusual contraption. One guy said “If you just told me it was a sculpture I would have believed you.”

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I marked up the transom for mounting bolts, took a deep breath, and drilled holes.

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Here’s the mount on the transom. You can see that it needs a bit more fitting to make it snug, but this is good enough for a bit of testing.

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With that, I was able to attach the Hebridean. Quite a moment.

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Of course it’s not rigged up, and so I spend some time that day checking the various angles and lengths.  I have not yet cut down the outriggers to get the rudder turn angle correct with respect to the Hebridean’s tilt.  I just attached lines to the end of the current outriggers to get an idea.

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You can see that I’ve tilted the outriggers down slightly.  This is to avoid a potential clash with the anchor light.  It will reduce their effective length, but I don’t think it will affect operation.  Tammy Norie’s pushpit is very low and so the extra clearance will help.

Then I rigged up some string and blocks to test connection to the tiller.

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I realise I haven’t crossed over the lines yet.  I was just checking the rudder turn angle, so which way it turned was irrelevant.  I decided to re-use the tiller pilot’s pin as the tiller attachment.  I should be able to find a clip or chain that will sit nicely on it.  I really need to take a protractor to the boat to get a clear idea, but from my measurements the rudder is probably turning about twice as far as it should, and so my outriggers need to be considerably shorter!  I will test this under way with a jury rig before I make any cuts.

I’m now back at the workshop to work on the pendulum, counterweights, and a few other details.

A couple of days ago I was planing the pendulum to get the curved profile and realised it was going to take me a very long time.  So I did an experiment with a router.  By setting it up with a fence and carefully controlling the depth I was able to make a good approximation to the profile curve.

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A small amount of planing and sanding then made for a perfect fit.

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So I think I’ll extend this technique along the whole length (and the other side) to save a huge amount of work.  That’s what I’ll mainly be doing today.

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Filed under Constructing the Hebridean, Equipment, Repairs and Modifications, self steering